The Standards and Procedures for Electronic Signatures and Records

What is SPeRS?

Standards And Procedures For Electronic Records And Signatures


New eCommerce laws make possible the widespread replacement of paper documents with electronic records. They also enable the broad use of electronic signatures. Many businesses have begun converting their operations to avail themselves of the enormous advantages offered by electronic records systems.

While the new eCommerce laws permit the use of electronic records and signatures, they also require that electronic systems and processes meet specific standards for:

  • Obtaining consent to use electronic records and signatures,
  • Presentation of information,
  • Execution of signatures and creation of agreements,
  • Record retention,
  • Printing, and
  • Delivery.

Failure to meet those standards may impair the enforceability of electronic records. As a result, companies are being forced to invest significant time, effort and manpower in answering questions about how to handle the practical, routine aspects of electronic transactions. Much of this time and effort could be avoided if industry-wide standards for these elements of electronic transactions could be established.

To address this problem, industry leaders have undertaken a cross-industry initiative to establish commonly understood “rules of the road” available to all parties seeking to take advantage of the powers conferred by ESIGN and UETA. The product of this initiative is the Standards and Procedures for Electronic Records and Signatures (“SPeRS”).


SPeRS is:

  • A set of guidelines, procedures, checklists and strategies for developing systems to create, deliver, sign, manage and transfer legally enforceable electronic records and signatures in commercial and consumer transactions. Intended to help companies develop cross-discipline system design teams for implementing electronic commerce.
  • Focused on the behavioral aspects of the interaction between participants in the transaction. SPeRS is technology neutral.

SPeRS will:

  • Permit businesses to establish a common understanding with internal team members and vendors concerning the methodology for designing eCommerce systems,
  • Assist in establishing industry standards for commercially reasonable, enforceable structures and processes, and
  • Help provide the customer with a “common experience” across various online transactions.


SPeRS’ 30 Standards, and the supporting checklists, address dozens of issues related to the use of electronic records and signatures. Examples include:

  • Describing the risks and liabilities associated with using a PIN or password.
  • Obtaining a consumer’s consent to use electronic records and signatures.
  • Selecting a signature process that is appropriate for the transaction.
  • Establishing the intent to sign an electronic record.
  • Effectively delivering information in an electronic environment.
  • Using hyperlinks and other devices used in referencing, displaying, and drawing attention to information and disclosures.
  • Strategies for effective record retention. See the attached Table of Contents for more information.